Lackawanna Trail High School
the below notes are from an old guide that was found lying around, use it for whatever
value it may offer.
You might find more usable information if you check out this site:
Ye olde Study Guide follows:
Plan your study each day
(Keep a planning notebook—not necessarily like this one—but perhaps this will get you started)
Assignment Date Date to At At home Estimated Hour
To Do Due Study School Needed
list what’s and When today or available your own how long to be done its due tomorrow Study home will it take?
(deadline) plan ahead hours schedule
Try to Anticipate deadlines – don’t leave till the last minute—it’s Easier on you!”
TIP: It’s also easier to do the Next Assignment as soon as possible after a class while the subject and your interest are still Fresh.
1. Organize your study place
2. Organize your study time
3. Make a study plan
A. Organize your study place
Pick a place (bedroom, dining room, attic, etc.)
Make sure your study place:
A. Is neat and clean
B. Has right amount of light
C. Is quiet
D. Has a large work space
E. Has proper tools on hand
F. Has a comfortable chair.
B. Organize Study Time
1. Choose a time
2. Use time wisely
A. Get right to work
B. Take short breaks
C. Do the hardest work first
D. Do all homework
E. See that you are not disturbed
F. Tell your parents that you are studying
C. Make a Study Plan
l. Set goals for yourself
A. List Goals
B. Be realistic
2. Determine how to learn
If you have a study problem, ask you teacher
Procrastination – putting off until later what your should do now.
A. Get started
B. Break up your work into smaller pieces
C. Reward yourself
Note taking - Important information that you can use later
Helps you pay attention in class
Notes help you organize and understand material
Learn to take notes (homework) It will be hard at first!!
Note Taking is an important Key to Success in Studying and Learning
1. It’s your personal Diary of what you want to know.
2. It helps you concentrate in class
3. it brings to bear 2 senses (sight and hearing in the learning process)
4. It’s an Aid to recall when you want to Review Taking notes in class or at lectures
1. keep alert
2. pay attention
Taking notes from Books or Articles
1. Develop your own shorthand system
2. Use loose leaf paper-2/3 of sheet or every other line
3. Learn to Abbreviate words by:
a. Dropping middle letters –such as “cont’d” (continued)
b. By dropping end of work-such as “cont” (continued)
5. And use common symbols such as:
c for “about”
cf for “compare”
fg for “following”
ie for “that is”
viz for “namely”
e.g. for “for example”
6. Don’t try to write everything down, listen for Key words.
What’s it all about?
7. Listen for Clues –such as “the four causes were” – or “to sum up”
8. If class gets into discussion – just note any major conclusions
9. If teacher gives a point special emphasis such as writing it on the
Blackboard – put it in your notes.
HOW TO STUDY INFORMATION IN A TEXTBOOK CHECKLIST
1. Survey the Chapter.
As I survey Chapter 1.
Note all major headings.
Note all pictures maps charts tables graphics etc.
Read the summary at the end of the chapter.
Read the study questions listed at the end of the chapter.
2. Make questions of major headings.
Go through the chapter and reword all main headings into study questions for
you to answer.
3. Read the chapter and take notes.
As I read the chapter:
Answer all the questions I made of the main headings.
Take notes on a single piece of paper.
List important events, concepts or facts in order.
Make 3 x 5 index cards of important terms, people or
4. Review the chapter
As I review the chapter.
Make sure I understand all the main points and how they relate to one another .
Answer all the questions at the end of the chapter.
Review the note and make sure you covered all key points.
· The paper is well organized with a clear production.
· Each paragraph has a topic sentence. Every sentence within the paragraph is related to that topic sentence.
· The paper contains specific facts and information as needed.
· I have checked the paper for punctuation: Commas, periods, apostrophes, semicolons,
and quotations marks are all properly located and marked.
· Have capitalized words as needed.
· I have used descriptive words to make my paper more interesting and more accurate.
· I have checked for run-on sentences and incomplete sentences.
· I have checked for spelling errors.
· I have done at least one draft of the paper.
· I have chosen an appropriate title for the paper.
· This is my best work.
Going to take a test?
1. Before the test . . .
1. Consider it a contest (You vs. Test maker).
2. Try to Guess the Questions –can you answer them.
3. Review your notes.
4. Look up points not clear.
2. During the test…
1. Relax and forget other people.
2. Read Directions carefully.
3. Look over Whole Test first—to budget your time—to avoid duplication.
4. Read each question twice before answering.
5. Cover all points asked for.. not points not asked for.
6. Think before you write.
7. Leave time to check your paper before you turn it in.
--for spelling, grammatical errors
--did you answer question fully?
--did you follow directions?
3. After the Test. . .
When the test is returned, read the teacher’s comments carefully so you understand any mistakes you made and won’t repeat them.
Test Taking Tips
Discipline and motivation
Your education is yours – good or bad.
Why do teachers give you tests (attitude that will work against you)?
1. Tests can help teachers find out what you know about a subject.
2. Tests can help teachers decide whether you need special help.
3. Tests can help teachers know you better, so they can decide what courses you are doing well in and at what level.
The difference between A & F is you!
General Tips for Tests
1. Be prepared to do your best.
2. Bring all needed materials.
3. Listen to oral directions.
4. Read written instructions.
5. Ask questions.
6. Check your answers.
7. Use time wisely.
Test taking tips will not compensate for lousy preparation.
1. True & False
3. Multiple Choice
4. Fill in the Blank
5. Short Answer on Essay
Hints for True/False
1. Read all directions carefully. Sometimes a single word can trick you into giving the wrong answer.
2. Words like all, every, best, no, never, only, none, always, entirely, and usually mean the question is false.
3. Words like some, usually, few, seldom, more, less, many, most, generally, less, often and frequently usually mean the question is true.
4. Watch out for 2 part questions – both statements must be true or the entire statement is false.
Hints for Matching
1. Read all questions carefully.
2. Check all options.
3. Do easiest ones first.
4. Always reduce your choice.
How to Study
Concentration – The ability to think about one thing at a time.
13 Tips for Concentration
o Get the right attitude
o Get comfortable
o Avoid hunger
o Have proper supplies
o Be rested
o Have proper light
o Deal with problems
o No noise
o Don’t daydream
o Set realistic study goals
o Ignore noise
o Take breaks
o Use pencils
Cut down on amount of time you study.
Remember what you learn
Get into the habit of taking notes.
When you read, mentally put it into ideas.
Read for information.
Ways to Remember to Learn
You must want to learn
Recitation (say it out loud)
Use flash cards
Make mental pictures
Over learn material
Mnemonics – aid or trick to remember material
Make a sentence